section 8 company

Section 8 Company vs. Trust: Which is Better for Your Nonprofit?

If you’re planning to start a nonprofit organization in India, you may be considering whether to register as a section 8 company or a trust. While both options offer benefits, there are key differences between the two that you should consider before making a decision. In this blog, we’ll explore the pros and cons of section 8 company incorporation and trust registration for your nonprofit.

Section 8 Company Incorporation

A section 8 company is a nonprofit organization that is formed for promoting charity, social welfare, religion, science, art, education, or any other similar purpose. Here are the advantages of incorporating a section 8 company:

  • Limited Liability: Members of a section 8 company have limited liability, which means their personal assets are protected in case of any legal issues.
  • Perpetual Existence: A section 8 company can exist in perpetuity, even if the founding members or directors change.
  • Tax Benefits: A section 8 company can avail tax benefits under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act.

Trust Registration

A trust is a legal arrangement where a person or group of people hold property or assets on behalf of others. Here are the advantages of registering a trust:

  • Flexibility: Trusts offer more flexibility than section 8 companies when it comes to the use of funds and the management of the organization.
  • Ease of Formation: Trusts are easier to form and require less paperwork than section 8 companies.
  • Less Regulation: Trusts are subject to less regulation than section 8 companies, making them a more attractive option for smaller nonprofits.

Which is Better for Your Nonprofit?

When deciding between a section 8 company and a trust, consider the following factors:

  • Nature of the Nonprofit: If your nonprofit requires a legal entity to enter into contracts or own property, a section 8 company may be the better option. If your nonprofit is focused on providing charitable services, a trust may be more suitable.
  • Liability Protection: If you want to protect the personal assets of the members of your nonprofit, a section 8 company may be a better option.
  • Tax Benefits: If you want to avail tax benefits under Section 80G of the Income Tax Act, a section 8 company is the only option.
  • Ease of Formation: If you want to form your nonprofit quickly and with minimal paperwork, a trust may be the better option.


Both section 8 companies and trusts have their advantages and disadvantages. When deciding which option is best for your nonprofit, consider your organization’s goals, the level of liability protection you require, and the tax benefits you want to avail. Ultimately, it’s important to work with a qualified professional to ensure that your nonprofit is properly registered and set up for success.

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